A review of CpGs and their relevance to aquaculture.

CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) have been described as functioning as natural adjuvants because they promote professional antigen presenting cell (APC) function and co-stimulate lymphocytes. The majority of studies into the immune effects of CpG ODN to date have been carried out on mammals where they are proving very successful at stimulating innate and… CONTINUE READING