A review of Afrotropical nightjar mortality, mainly road kills

@article{Jackson2002ARO,
  title={A review of Afrotropical nightjar mortality, mainly road kills},
  author={H. D. Jackson and Rob Slotow},
  journal={Ostrich},
  year={2002},
  volume={73},
  pages={147 - 161}
}
Afrotropical nightjars have evolved a number of adaptations that enable them to cope well with various natural mortality factors facing them. They are, however, extremely vulnerable to the many human factors that affect their lives. Three areas of human activity are of major concern: road traffic, habitat destruction and food gathering. Suitable legislation, with strict enforcement, should ensure that nightjar populations are not harvested excessively for the table. The many National Parks… 
A review of foraging and feeding behaviour, and associated anatomical adaptations, in Afrotropical nightjars
TLDR
Nightjars in the Afrotropical Region feed almost exclusively on night flying insects, which they hunt during twilight and moonlight, utilising a suite of anatomical adaptations in different hunting strategies.
Environmental factors influencing road use in a nocturnal insectivorous bird
Many animals avoid roads due to traffic disturbance, but there are also some species that use roads in their everyday life and even obtain resources from them. Understanding the factors that
Moonlight-related mortality: lunar conditions and roadkill occurrence in the Amami Woodcock Scolopax mira
ABSTRACT Roadkill is one of the most striking ecological problems related to roads and traffic. The Amami Woodcock, Scolopax mira, an endemic and endangered species on the islands of southwestern
Behavioural thermoregulation in man-made habitats: surface choice and mortality risk in Red-necked Nightjars
Capsule Red-necked Nightjars' (Caprimulgus ruficollis) choice of road surface type is significantly affected by air temperature, which may lead to increased traffic-induced mortality under cool
A Review of the Impacts of Roads on Wildlife in Semi-Arid Regions
TLDR
This work assesses mitigation measures and collate methods to identify the impact of roads on wildlife populations and their associated ecosystems, with a particular focus on recent advances.
A field survey to investigate why nightjars frequent roads at night
TLDR
Nightjars throughout the Afrotropical Region regularly frequent roads at night and during the twilight of dusk and dawn, and many were seen actively hunting flying insects, especially at dusk, and palpation of the stomachs of those caught confirmed that they had fed well during the evening hours.
Effects of Paved Roads on Birds: A Literature Review and Recommendations for the Yellowstone to Yukon Ecoregion
The purpose of this literature review was threefold: 1) to gain a better understanding of the breadth of paved-road-related threats to birds, 2) to synthesize literature that will aid in heightening
The effects of fire on grassland bird communities of Barberspan, North West Province, South Africa
Considering the frequent nature of fires and resultant drastic change in habitat following fire, research on the effects of fire on birds in the grasslands of South Africa is surprisingly scarce. For
Nocturnal foraging by artificial light in three Caribbean bird species
I discuss observations of opportunistic use of artificial light for feeding in the dark by the native White-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus cayennensis), the long-established Cattle Egret (Bubulcus
Effects of Road Networks on Bird Populations
TLDR
Of the many effects of roads, it appears that road mortality and traffic noise may have the most substantial effects on birds relative to other effects and taxonomic groups.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 487 REFERENCES
Nightjars : a guide to Nightjars and related nightbirds
TLDR
The text has been thoroughly researched, both in the museum and in the field, and the plates depict feather-by-feather detail, allowing identification of all species, providing adequate views are obtained.
BREEDING AND FOOD OF THE BATELEUR IN ZIMBABWE (RHODESIA)
TLDR
Three nesting territories of Bateleurs Terathopius ecaudatus were studied at Essexvale, Zimbabwe, from 1962 to 1976, and this paper augments previously published observations.
NIGHT COUNTS OF HARES AND OTHER ANIMALS IN EAST AFRICA
TLDR
It is concluded that night counts can be useful in revealing population trends but not for assessing total numbers or for comparing densities in different areas.
ASPECTS OF THE BREEDING BIOLOGY OF THE FIERYNECKED NIGHTJAR
TLDR
The male shows strong site fidelity during the breeding season (September to December), singing, feeding and breeding within an area of about 5,8 ha, and the female shows strong mate fidelity, resulting in a pair bond for life.
The importance of roads and road verges for raptors and crows in the Succulent and Nama-Karoo, South Africa
The behaviour and activities of 6 458 raptors (Accipitridae and Falconidae) and 1 947 Corvidae in the Karoo, South Africa, were recorded during the period January 1988 to June 2000 (n = 208 surveys)
The birds of Teso district, Uganda
Teso District, an area of approximately 140 000 km2 in east-central Uganda, has been sadly neglected by ornithologists, and will probably remain so for some time to come. Almost all other parts of
NESTS AND EGGS OF SOME AFRICAN NIGHTJARS
TLDR
Breeding data based on 245 nests found between 1969 and 1983 in one study area in Choma, and on other nests from elsewhere in the Southern Province, Zambia, are presented for four Caprimulgus and one Macrodipteryx species.
The birds of British Somaliland and the Gulf of Aden : their life histories, breeding habits, and eggs
reports of previous observers no certain inference can be drawn. The uplift of a folk so few and feeble is not easy; Muslim, Hindu, and Christian philanthropists have tried and failed, the
East African bird ringing report 1971-1972
The total number of birds ringed in the twelve months under review (1st July 1971 to 30th June 1972) was 15679, 1758 fewer than in the previous year, however, the number of Palaearctic migrants
Notes on the birds observed in the vicinity of Tabora, Tanzania, with special reference to breeding data
TLDR
A defined status is allocated to 297 avian species recorded within a 20 mile radius of the town of Tabora in Tanzania and data on the breeding seasons and habits of 98 species are given.
...
...