• Corpus ID: 209494120

A review of 40 years of research

@inproceedings{Talarico2018ARO,
  title={A review of 40 years of research},
  author={Jennifer M Talarico and David and Rubin},
  year={2018}
}
We review the shifting definition of "Flashbulb memory" in the 40 years since Brown and Kulik coined the term. We evaluate evidence for veridical, phenomenological, and metacognitive features that hav.e been proposed to differentiate Flashbulb from ordinary autobiographical memo;ies.We further consider the event conditions thoughtto be necessary to produce Flashbull:? memories and discuss how post-event . processing may distinguish Flashbulb memories. We conclude that a categorical dissociation… 

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References

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The Role of Positive and Negative Affect in Flashbulb Memory
TLDR
No significant differences were found on the cardinal features of flashbulb memories for events of negative versus positive affect, which suggests that an hitherto untapped research area may be explored to clarify controversial issues within this construct such as whether a special mechanism exists in the formation of flash Bulb memories.
Effects of age on phenomenology and consistency of flashbulb memories of September 11 and a staged control event.
In two studies, the special status of flashbulb memories was investigated by contrasting the effects of age on the phenomenology and consistency of flashbulb memories of September 11, over a 2-year
Flashbulb Memories
TLDR
It is argued that FBMs do not require special memory mechanisms and are best characterized as involving both forgetting and mnemonic distortions, despite a high level of confidence.
Flashbulb memories are special after all; in phenomenology, not accuracy
Consistency of flashbulb memories (FBMs) of the 11th September terrorist attacks and of everyday memories (EDMs) of the preceding weekend do not differ, in both cases declining over the following
Type or dimension? A taxometric investigation of flashbulb memories
TLDR
The current study attempted to provide an empirical answer to the problem of FBM measurement, by adopting a taxometric analysis and results supported the taxonic structure of FBMs.
Effects of age on flashbulb memories.
TLDR
The authors investigated the effect of aging on flashbulb (FB) memories in elderly Turks and found that critical variables for the formation of FB memories were personal importance attached to the event and rehearsal.
Distinct processes shape flashbulb and event memories
TLDR
Structural equation modeling showed that flashbulb memory and event memory could be clearly differentiated and were determined by two separate pathways and importance predicted emotional intensity, which predicted the frequency of overt and covert rehearsal, which enhanced the accuracy and certainty of event memory.
Features of Autobiographical Memory: Theoretical and Empirical Issues in the Measurement of Flashbulb Memory
TLDR
A measurement model for FBMs as compared with event memory (EM) was tested by hypothesizing that a categorical, rather than dimensional, approach would be more appropriate to account for FBM data, which revealed that FBMData could be appropriately modeled through LCM, whereas for EM, LTM and LCM exhibited some inadequacy.
Long-term flashbulb memory for learning of Princess Diana's death
TLDR
Students' memories concerning the death of Diana, Princess of Wales were examined and both emotional intensity and rehearsal were related to accuracy, consistent with previous research.
Confidence, Not Consistency, Characterizes Flashbulb Memories
TLDR
Initial visceral emotion ratings correlated with later belief in accuracy, but not consistency, for flashbulb memories, and predicted later posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms.
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