A review and tests of hypotheses about causes of the KwaZulu-Natal sardine run

@article{Fron2010ARA,
  title={A review and tests of hypotheses about causes of the KwaZulu-Natal sardine run},
  author={Pierre Fr{\'e}on and Janet C. Coetzee and CD van der Lingen and A. D. Connell and Sean O'Donoghue and Michael J. Roberts and Herv{\'e} Demarcq and CG Attwood and Stephen J. Lamberth and Laurence Hutchings},
  journal={African Journal of Marine Science},
  year={2010},
  volume={32},
  pages={449 - 479}
}
The term ‘sardine run’ is part of the cultural heritage of the South African nation and refers to a natural phenomenon that is well known to the general public but still poorly understood from an ecological perspective. This lack of understanding has stimulated numerous hypotheses, often contradictory, that try to explain why (ultimate factors) and how (proximate factors) the run occurs. Here, we provide a new definition of the term sardine run, review the various hypotheses about the run, and… 
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References

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The annual winter sardine run along the South African east coast impacts the KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) coastal system in a variety of ways. These include ecological impacts, such as enrichment of a largely
The 2005 KwaZulu-Natal sardine run survey sheds new light on the ecology of small pelagic fish off the east coast of South Africa
Despite much public awareness surrounding the annual migration of sardine Sardinops sagax northward along the east coast of South Africa in winter each year, relatively little research effort has
Socio-economic implications of the KwaZulu-Natal sardine run for local indigenous communities
The economic and social effects of the annual sardine run on the indigenous community on the south coast of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, were assessed using data gathered from questionnaires and
Has the fishery contributed to a major shift in the distribution of South African sardine
TLDR
Three hypotheses explaining the change in the distribution of sardine have been proposed: intensely localized, environmentally induced, and successful spawning and recruit survival on South Africa’s south coast contributed disproportionately more towards the bulk of recruitment, and progeny spawned there now dominate the population and exhibit natal homing.
The links between functionally distinct adult assemblages of Sardinops sagax: larval advection across management boundaries
Otolith increment data were used to age larval Sardinops sagax collected from shelf waters between Kangaroo Island in South Australia (SA) and Albany in Western Australia (WA). Distributions of both
Influence of the sardine run on selected nearshore predatory teleosts in KwaZulu-Natal
TLDR
The relationships between shore-angling catch rates of nearshore predatory teleosts in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and the timing of the sardine run were examined using a multiple regression model and it is not clear whether these relationships can be ascribed to a feeding migration by the predators, a reproductive migration byThe predators or an extension of suitable habitat for both prey and predators during these months.
Trends in the abundance and distribution of anchovy and sardine on the South African continental shelf in the 1990s, deduced from acoustic surveys
The South African pelagic resources have been monitored acoustically since 1983. The results of these surveys are currently used to determine catch limits for anchovy Engraulis capensis and sardine
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The Luderitz upwelling cell and Orange River cone (LUCORC) area, a transboundary region between South Africa and Namibia, is considered to be an environmental barrier to transport of ichthyoplankton
Influence of the annual sardine run on catches of large sharks in the protective gillnets off KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and the occurrence of sardine in shark diet
TLDR
The presence of copper or bronze whaler sharks Carcharhinus brachyurus in KZN waters appears to be strongly associated with the sardine run, as does that of certain life-history stages of dusky sharks C. obscurus.
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