A review: what is the spermosphere and how can it be studied?

@article{Schiltz2015ARW,
  title={A review: what is the spermosphere and how can it be studied?},
  author={Séverine Schiltz and Isabelle Gaillard and Nathalie Pawlicki-Jullian and Benjamin Thiombiano and François Mesnard and Eric Gontier},
  journal={Journal of Applied Microbiology},
  year={2015},
  volume={119}
}
The spermosphere is the zone surrounding seeds where interactions between the soil, microbial communities and germinating seeds take place. The concept of the spermosphere is usually only applied during germination sensu stricto. Despite the transient nature of this very small zone of soil around the germinating seed, the microbial activities which occur there may have long‐lasting impacts on plants. The spermosphere is indirectly characterized by either (i) seed exudates, which could be… 

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