A retrieval theory of priming in memory.

@article{Ratcliff1988ART,
  title={A retrieval theory of priming in memory.},
  author={Roger Ratcliff and Gail McKoon},
  journal={Psychological review},
  year={1988},
  volume={95 3},
  pages={
          385-408
        }
}
and the familiarity of this compound cue is determined by the strengths of connections between the cue and items in memory. The familiarity of the compound cue is assessed by direct access or by parallel comparisons to all items in memory (depending on the way the theory is implemented), and it is assumed that the greater the familiarity, the faster the response time (specific models for latency assumptions are described below). In this article, the retrieval theory is applied to priming… Expand

Tables and Topics from this paper

Priming and constraints it places on theories of memory and retrieval
Associative priming occurs in a large number of memory retrieval tasks, including lexical decisions, naming, item recognition, and judgments of spatial location. Priming has been commonly attributedExpand
Bias effects in implicit memory tasks.
TLDR
A different theoretical view is proposed here: Repetition-priming effects come about because the processes that perform a task are biased products, temporary modifications of the processes, which influence later processing. Expand
Spreading activation versus compound cue accounts of priming: mediated priming revisited.
  • G. McKoon, R. Ratcliff
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1992
TLDR
The authors show priming effects that free-association production probabilities cannot easily predict and argue that amount of priming depends on the familiarity of the prime and target as a compound, where the compound is formed by the simultaneous presence of theprime and target in short-term memory as a test item. Expand
Theories of priming: I. Associative distance and lag.
Automatic associative priming occurs in a large number or memory retrieval tasks, including semantic categorization, lexical decisions, item recognition, naming, and judgments or spatial location.Expand
Two Predictions of a Compound Cue Model of Priming
TLDR
Although this model has been used to provide an account of a wide range of priming effects, it may not actually predict priming in these or other circumstances. Expand
Interpreting the influence of implicitly activated memories on recall and recognition.
: A model concerning the influence of implicitly activated information on cued recall and recognition is presented. The model assumes that studying a familiar word activates its associates andExpand
Priming in Spatial Memory: A Flow Model Approach
TLDR
The illustrated solution regards priming as a specific solution of the Navier-Stokes equation and suggests a new approach to think about spatial priming. Expand
A Flow Model Approach to Priming Processes
Theories on spatial priming usually explain priming effects (the reduction of reaction time) by spreading activation. In the field of spatial cognition concurrent models like post-lexical primingExpand
Interpreting the influence of implicitly activated memories on recall and recognition.
TLDR
Experiments designed to test predictions of the model indicate that the associates of a familiar word can exert a powerful effect on its cued recall and recognition. Expand
Retrieving information from memory: spreading-activation theories versus compound-cue theories.
TLDR
The authors show that free-association production probabilities do not accurately predict priming effects, either directly or in the context of current spreading-activation models, and so remove the basis for McNamara's criticism. Expand
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