A relational framework for understanding bullying: Developmental antecedents and outcomes.

@article{Rodkin2015ARF,
  title={A relational framework for understanding bullying: Developmental antecedents and outcomes.},
  author={Philip C. Rodkin and Dorothy L Espelage and Laura D. Hanish},
  journal={The American psychologist},
  year={2015},
  volume={70 4},
  pages={311-21}
}
This article reviews current research on the relational processes involved in peer bullying, considering developmental antecedents and long-term consequences. The following themes are highlighted: (a) aggression can be both adaptive and maladaptive, and this distinction has implications for bullies' functioning within peer social ecologies; (b) developmental antecedents and long-term consequences of bullying have not been well-distinguished from the extant research on aggressive behavior; (c… CONTINUE READING