Glutamate synthase: structural, mechanistic and regulatory properties, and role in the amino acid metabolism
Ferredoxin:NADP+:reductase (FNR) catalyzes one terminal step of the conversion of light energy into chemical energy during photosynthesis. FNR uses two high energy electrons photoproduced by photosystem I (PSI) and conveyed, one by one, by a ferredoxin (Fd), to reduce NADP+ to NADPH. The reducing power of NADPH is finally involved in carbon assimilation. The interaction between oxidized FNR and Fd was studied by crystallography at 2.4 A resolution leading to a three-dimensional picture of an Fd-FNR biologically relevant complex. This complex suggests that FNR and Fd specifically interact prior to each electron transfer and disassemble upon a redox-linked conformational change of the Fd.