A reconsideration of the Aphrodite-Ashtart syncretism

@article{Budin2004ARO,
  title={A reconsideration of the Aphrodite-Ashtart syncretism},
  author={Stephanie Lynn Budin},
  journal={Numen},
  year={2004},
  volume={51},
  pages={95-145}
}
Summary Scholars have long recognized a one-to-one correspondence, or interpretatio syncretism, between the Greek goddess Aphrodite and the Phoenician goddess Ashtart (Astarte). The origin of this syncretism is usually attributed to the eastern origins of Aphrodite herself, whereby the Greek goddess evolved out of the Phoenician, as is suggested as early as the writings of Herodotos. In contrast to this understanding, I argue here that the perceived syncretism actually emerged differently on… Expand
Weapons of the Storm God in Ancient Near Eastern and Biblical Traditions
References to divine weapons are found in several mythological texts from the ancient Near East. The most significant of such weapons are the weapons of the storm god, featured famously in theExpand
The Splintered Divine: A Study of Istar, Baal, and Yahweh Divine Names and Divine Multiplicity in the Ancient Near East
This book investigates the issue of the singularity versus the multiplicity of ancient Near Eastern deities who are known by a common first name but differentiated by their last names, or geographicExpand
Cypriot Autonomous Polities at the Crossroads of Empire: The Imprint of a Transformed Islandscape in the Classical and Hellenistic Periods
  • G. Papantoniou
  • History
  • Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 2013
This article explores the relationship between power and cult, not in the age of the Cypriot city-kingdoms per se but rather in the context of a changing political landscape that eventually led toExpand
Where East met West: To What Extent do Manifestations and Conceptions of Cultural Identity on Early Iron Age Cyprus Support the Existence of a Unique Cultural Identity
This paper endeavours to conduct an investigation into the cultural and ethnic identity of Early Iron Age Cyprus, finding its primary influences and assessing the extent to which it can be classifiedExpand
Έρως – Έρις: Aφροδίτη – Άρης. Σκέψεις για την προέλευση και την ουσία της «Αφροδίτης» στην περιοχή του Αιγαίου
THE issue of the relationship of the goddess Aphrodite, on the one hand with the love and on the other hand with the war and its god Ares, has got a central place to the reflection that is beingExpand
The Archaeology of Malta: From the Neolithic through the Roman Period
1. Malta's archaeological past 2. The first settlers and farmers 3. The culture of the megalith builders: the Late Neolithic of Malta 4. Pushing boundaries at the end of the megalithic buildingExpand
New Book on Babylonian Figurines. Figurines in Hellenistic Babylonia: Miniaturization and Cultural Hybridity
In this volume, Stephanie M. Langin-Hooper investigates the impact of Greek art on the miniature figure sculptures produced in Babylonia after the conquests of Alexander the Great. Figurines inExpand
Dedications to Double Deities. Syncretism or simply syntax
Dans les corpus epigraphiques grecs apparaissent des dedicaces a des divinites que l’on pourrait appeler « composites » ou « doubles », e.g. Isis Aphrodite. Des dieux « composites » internes a laExpand
Portrayals of Power: The Local Identity of Three Cypriot Sarcophagi from the Fifth Century BCE
Submitted to the Undergraduate Library Research Award scholarship competition: (2019). 150 p.
Der Krieg und die Liebe – Untersuchungen zur römischen Venus
Zusammenfassung In der ausgehenden römischen Republik gehörte die Göttin Venus zu Roms bedeutendsten Gottheiten: sowohl Sulla als auch Pompeius hatten sie zu ihrer persönlichen Schutzgöttin erkoren,Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 27 REFERENCES
Berossos and Manetho, Introduced and Translated: Native Traditions in Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt
Berossos and Manetho begins with a general introduction to the cultural history of ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt. It then presents a translation of the only known native narratives, written in Greek,Expand
The Early History of God: Yahweh and the Other Deities in Ancient Israel
Foreword by Patrick D. Miller In this remarkable, acclaimed history of the development of monotheism, Mark S. Smith explains how Israel's religion evolved from a cult of Yahweh as a primary deityExpand
Athenian Religion: A History
This book is an attempt to take seriously the cliche that Greek religion is an eminently social phenomenon. It differs from 'Histories of Greek Religion' by focusing on a particular Greek city withExpand
The Cults of the Roman Empire
TLDR
This book discusses Isis of the Many Names or The authors' Lady of the Waves, Horsemen, Mothers and Serpents, Occultism and Theosophy, and other topics related to religion and mythology. Expand
The East Face of Helicon: West Asiatic Elements in Greek Poetry and Myth
Abbreviations note on the transcription of Oriental languages note on chronologies Aegean and Orient ancient literatures of Western Asia of heaven and earth Ars Poetica a form of words Hesiod "TheExpand
The Hellenistic World
List of Maps and Illustrations Preface 1. Introduction: The Sources 2. Alexander the Great (336-323) 3. The Formation of the Kingdoms (323-276) 4. The Hellenistic World: A Homogeneous Culture? 5.Expand
Ports of trade, Al Mina and geometric Greek pottery in the Levant
Al Mina, at the mouth of the Orontes, some 75 km SW of Chatal Huyuk, has long dominated Greek-Levantine discussions in the Geometric Period (c. 1000-700 BC); the site was the first to reveal anExpand
Gods, goddesses, and images of God in ancient Israel
How were male and female deities understood in ancient Canaan and Israel? Did Yahweh, the God of Israel, ever have a divine consort or partner? How was the Yahweh cult affected by religious andExpand
Myths from Mesopotamia: Creation, the Flood, Gilgamesh, and Others
Atrahasis The Epic of Gilgamesh The Descent of Ishtar to the Underworld Nergal and Ereshkigal Adapa Etana Anzu The Epic of Creation Theology of Dunnu Erra and Ishum
Aphrodite Pandemos at Naukratis
The divine epithet pandemos (as in Aphrodite Pandemos) is clarified by examining the case of Naukratis, which was not a political community. Thus at the cult site in question, not an Aphrodite “ofExpand
...
1
2
3
...