A recently described polymorphism in the CD28 gene on chromosome 2q33 is not associated with susceptibility to type 1 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disease with a strong genetic background. The CTLA4 gene region (IDDM12) has been implicated in genetic susceptibility to type 1 diabetes by genome scanning and both family- and population-based analyses. As the genes encoding the costimulatory molecules CTLA4 and CD28, which compete for the receptor B7, reside… (More)