A rare case of Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL) presenting with double Philadelphia chromosome - relapse or secondary leukemia?


The Philadelphia chromosome is observed in 5% of pediatric acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and in 25% to 50% of adult ALL cases, and is associated with poor prognosis. Double Ph in a hyperdiploid karyotype is common in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), but rarely found in ALL. We report here the case of a girl diagnosed with ALL at 7 years of age. After… (More)