A rapid technique for producing ethanol dependence in the rat.

@article{Cannon1974ART,
  title={A rapid technique for producing ethanol dependence in the rat.},
  author={Dale S. Cannon and Timothy B. Baker and Robert F Berman and Charlotte Atkinson},
  journal={Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior},
  year={1974},
  volume={2 6},
  pages={
          831-4
        }
}
Abstract Ethanol dependence in the rat is demonstrated following 2–4 days of intragastric intubation with 8–12 g/kg/day. Withdrawal symptoms include tremulousness, hyperactivity, and seizures. Nutritional deficiency is shown to be an insufficient explanation of the withdrawal symptoms produced. 
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