Canine Parvovirus- an Insight into Diagnostic Aspect
UNLABELLED Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is known as a rapid and reliable alternative to conventional single-step or nested PCR for detection of genomic DNA of various pathogens in clinical samples. In this study, LAMP assay was developed for canine parvovirus (CPV) and compared with single-step and nested PCR assays. Out of 50 fecal samples from dogs clinically suspected for CPV infections, 19 were found positive by single-step PCR, 22 by nested PCR and 26 by LAMP. LAMP products were subjected to restriction analysis and sequencing to check their specificity. LAMP assay turned out to be a rapid and fairly reproducible method, did not amplify other common canine pathogens and was more sensitive than nested PCR assay. Therefore, it can be regarded as a highly reliable method for routine field diagnosis of CPV infection. KEYWORDS canine parvovirus; nested polymerase chain reaction; loop-mediated isothermal amplification; sensitivity; specificity.