A phylogenetic analysis of soldier evolution in the aphid family Hormaphididae

@article{Stern1994APA,
  title={A phylogenetic analysis of soldier evolution in the aphid family Hormaphididae},
  author={David L. Stern},
  journal={Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences},
  year={1994},
  volume={256},
  pages={203 - 209}
}
  • D. Stern
  • Published 23 May 1994
  • Biology
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
Aphid soldiers, altruistic larvae that protect the colony from predators, are an example of highly social behaviour in an insect group with a natural history different from the eusocial Hymenoptera and Isoptera. Aphids therefore allow independent tests of theory developed to explain the evolution of eusociality. Although soldiers have been discovered in five tribes from two families, the number and pattern of origins and losses of soldiers is unknown due to a lack of phylogenetic data. Here I… 

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