A phase II study of modified FOLFOX as first-line chemotherapy for metastatic gastric cancer in elderly patients with associated diseases
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of biweekly oxaliplatin in combination with continuous infusional 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin (modified FOLFOX regimen) in elderly patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). Forty-six eligible patients older than 65 years with previously untreated AGC received oxaliplatin 85 mg/m intravenously over a 2-h period on day 1, together with leucovorin 400 mg/m over 2 h, followed by a 46-h infusion of 5-fluorouracil 2600 mg/m every 2 weeks. All patients were evaluable for efficacy and toxicity. A median of seven cycles (range 1-12) was administered. The overall response rate was 45.6% [95% confidence interval (CI): 31-61%] with two complete responses, 19 partial responses, 15 stable diseases, and 10 progressions. Median time to progression was 6.2 months (95% CI: 4.6-7.8) and median overall survival was 9.8 months (95% CI: 8.2-11.4). Toxicity was fairly mild. Grade 3 toxicities included neutropenia (8.7%), nausea (4.3%), vomiting (4.3%), diarrhea (2.2%); and grade 4 toxicities occurred in none of the patients. Grades 1-2 peripheral neuropathy was reported in 43.5% of patients. The modified FOLFOX regimen is active, well tolerated as first-line chemotherapy for elderly patients aged above 65 years with AGC.