A one-way quantum computer.

@article{Raussendorf2001AOQ,
  title={A one-way quantum computer.},
  author={Robert Raussendorf and Hans J. Briegel},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2001},
  volume={86 22},
  pages={
          5188-91
        }
}
We present a scheme of quantum computation that consists entirely of one-qubit measurements on a particular class of entangled states, the cluster states. The measurements are used to imprint a quantum logic circuit on the state, thereby destroying its entanglement at the same time. Cluster states are thus one-way quantum computers and the measurements form the program. 

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