A numerical model of landform development by glacial erosion

@article{Harbor1988ANM,
  title={A numerical model of landform development by glacial erosion},
  author={Jonathan M. Harbor and Bernard Hallet and Charles F. Raymond},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1988},
  volume={333},
  pages={347-349}
}
The jagged peaks, knife-edged ridges, and steep-sided valleys of alpine landscapes are well known products of glaciation, yet little is known about how the dynamics of ice flow and glacial erosion give rise to such landforms. By linking a finite-element model for ice flow through a valley with a model for glacial erosion, we have simulated the gradual evolution of one of the most striking of glacial landforms, the U-shaped valley. Incorporating realistic glacier sliding laws and spatial… 
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