A nucleoside triphosphate-dependent deoxyribonuclease from Bacillus laterosporus. The mode of action of the enzyme.

Abstract

The acid-soluble products of exhaustive digestion of native DNA with Bacillus laterosporus DNase consist of 6.5% of mononucleotides and 93.5% of oligonucleotides with an average chain length of 3.2. The results of viscometric studies and inactivation of transforming DNA indicate the existence of acid-insoluble intermediates and the selective degradation of the population of substrate molecules rather than a random nucleolytic action. Furthermore, sucrose density gradient analysis of partially digested DNA showed that the initial DNA added as a substrate disappeared progressively during the reaction, being replaced by much more slowly sedimenting acid-insoluble materials, which were eventually degraded into acid-soluble end products during the reaction; products intermediate in size between these two components were not detectable. Studies with DNA labeled at the 3'-terminus indicate that Bacillus laterosporus DNase does not attack DNA from 3'-hydroxyl ends to yeild acid-soluble or acid-insoluble materials in a random manner. The results presented in this paper indicate that the nature of the attack of B. laterosporus nuclease is similar to that previously proposed for Micrococcus luteus DNase. The possibility of the sequential release of acid-insoluble intermediate fragments as well as acid-soluble products from the terminal portion of DNA by the enzyme is discussed.

Cite this paper

@article{Anai1975ANT, title={A nucleoside triphosphate-dependent deoxyribonuclease from Bacillus laterosporus. The mode of action of the enzyme.}, author={Motonobu Anai and Mikiko Yamanaka and Toshio Shibata and Taku Mihara and Takeharu Nishimoto}, journal={Journal of biochemistry}, year={1975}, volume={78 1}, pages={115-21} }