A novel urodynamic model for lower urinary tract assessment in awake rats.


OBJECTIVES To develop a urodynamic model incorporating external urethral sphincter (EUS) electromyography (EMG) in awake rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS Bladder catheters and EUS EMG electrodes were implanted in female Sprague Dawley rats. Assessments were performed in awake, lightly restrained rats on postoperative day 12-14. Measurements were repeated in… (More)
DOI: 10.1111/bju.13039


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