A novel three-dimensional smile analysis based on dynamic evaluation of facial curve contour.


The influence of three-dimensional facial contour and dynamic evaluation decoding on factors of smile esthetics is essential for facial beauty improvement. However, the kinematic features of the facial smile contour and the contribution from the soft tissue and underlying skeleton are uncharted. Here, the cheekbone-maxilla contour and nasolabial fold were combined into a "smile contour" delineating the overall facial topography emerges prominently in smiling. We screened out the stable and unstable points on the smile contour using facial motion capture and curve fitting, before analyzing the correlation between soft tissue coordinates and hard tissue counterparts of the screened points. Our finding suggests that the mouth corner region was the most mobile area characterizing smile expression, while the other areas remained relatively stable. Therefore, the perioral area should be evaluated dynamically while the static assessment outcome of other parts of the smile contour contribute partially to their dynamic esthetics. Moreover, different from the end piece, morphologies of the zygomatic area and the superior part of the nasolabial crease were determined largely by the skeleton in rest, implying the latter can be altered by orthopedic or orthodontic correction and the former better improved by cosmetic procedures to improve the beauty of smile.

DOI: 10.1038/srep22103

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@article{Lin2016ANT, title={A novel three-dimensional smile analysis based on dynamic evaluation of facial curve contour.}, author={Yi Lin and Han Lin and Qiuping Lin and Jinxin Zhang and Ping Zhu and Yao Lu and Zhi Zhao and Jiahong Lv and Mln Kyeong Lee and Yue Xu}, journal={Scientific reports}, year={2016}, volume={6}, pages={22103} }