A novel three-dimensional printed guiding device for electrode implantation of sacral neuromodulation.

AIM The aim was to test the feasibility of a novel three-dimensional (3D) printed guiding device for electrode implantation of sacral neuromodulation (SNM). METHOD A 3D printed guiding device for electrode implantation was customized to patients' anatomy of the sacral region. Liquid photopolymer was selected as the printing material. The details of the… (More)