Genotyping of bovine viral diarrhea viruses (BVDV) isolated from cattle in Sicily
A simple one-step single-tube RT-PCR method was developed for detection of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in bulk milk, blood and follicular fluid samples. A set of universal primers (UTR DL1/4) was designed for RT-PCR to detect BVDV type I and II viruses simultaneously and was tested for efficacy in comparison to published primers for two type strains, 42 field isolates, and 95 diagnostic samples. The sensitivity (100%) and specificity (96.2%) of the RT-PCR assay, with the universal primers for 95 diagnostic samples, were equal to those of virus isolation. An internal control targeting a bovine actin gene was also included in the same reaction tube to monitor RNA preparation and RT-PCR procedure. A total of 632 specimens (378 bulk milk, 140 blood, and 112 follicular samples) were tested in the year 2000 by the RT-duplex PCR assay in parallel with virus isolation. The one-step single-tube RT-duplex PCR with the universal primers UTR DL1/4 was sensitive, specific, less complicated and cost effective for detection of BVDV in various types of specimens.