A novel regulatory mechanism in the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase cascade. Role of nuclear export signal of MAP kinase kinase.

Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinase (MAPKK, also known as MEK), a direct activator for MAPK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase, localizes to the cytoplasm excluded from the nucleus during signal transmission. This nuclear exclusion of MAPKK is directed by its nuclear export signal (NES), but its physiological significance has been unknown. We… CONTINUE READING