A novel method for preventing surface film entrapment of water fleas and its application for toxicity testing with heavy metals.

@article{Cui2017ANM,
  title={A novel method for preventing surface film entrapment of water fleas and its application for toxicity testing with heavy metals.},
  author={Rongxue Cui and Jin Il Kwak and Youn-Joo An},
  journal={Environmental science and pollution research international},
  year={2017},
  volume={24 4},
  pages={4210-4219}
}
Some water fleas such as Daphnia galeata and Bosmina longirostris are difficult to culture and use in ecotoxicity testing since they can easily become entrapped at the surface film. Cetyl alcohol was the most prevalent chemical used to prevent the entrapment of water fleas in previous studies. However, cetyl alcohol possesses a number of disadvantages… CONTINUE READING