A novel endogenous sugar acid depolarizes ventromedial hypothalamic neurons in vitro.

2-Buten-4-olide (2-B-4-O) has been identified in the serum of fasted rats and proved to act as a feeding suppressant. The effect of 2-B-4-O on neurons in the ventromedial hypothalamic (VMH) nucleus was investigated with intracellular recordings in brain slice preparations of rats. 2-B-4-O, applied by perfusion (0.1-10 mM) or drops (50-100 mM), dose… (More)