A novel emboli protection cannula during cardiac surgery: in vitro results.


OBJECTIVE Intraoperative cerebral events are mainly caused by emboli generated by operative manipulation of the aorta. This study aimed to delineate the distribution profiles of emboli with 2 widely used cannulae and a third novel research cannula that simultaneously produces forward flow and backward suction to extract emboli from the distal aorta during… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2014.01.001