A novel basal ganglia pathway forms a loop linking a vocal learning circuit with its dopaminergic input.


Dopamine has been implicated in mediating contextual modulation of motor behaviors and learning in many species. In songbirds, dopamine may act on the basal ganglia nucleus Area X to influence the neural activity that contributes to vocal learning and contextual changes in song variability. Neurons in midbrain dopamine centers, the substantia nigra pars… (More)
DOI: 10.1002/cne.21700


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