A novel autocrine pathway of tumor escape from immune recognition: melanoma cell lines produce a soluble protein that diminishes expression of the gene encoding the melanocyte lineage melan-A/MART-1 antigen through down-modulation of its promoter.


We have observed that malignant melanoma cells produce a soluble protein factor(s), which down-regulates melanocyte lineage Melan-A/MART-1 Ag expression by melanoma cells with concomitant loss of recognition by Melan-A/MART-1-specific T cells. This down-modulation of Melan-A/MART-1 expression, which we refer to as "Ag silencing," is mediated via its minimal… (More)


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