A normative‐developmental study of executive function: A window on prefrontal function in children

  title={A normative‐developmental study of executive function: A window on prefrontal function in children},
  author={Marilyn C. Welsh and Bruce F. Pennington and Dena B. Groisser},
  journal={Developmental Neuropsychology},
Normative‐developmental performance on a battery of executive function tasks was investigated. Executive function was defined as goal‐directed behavior, including planning, organized search, and impulse control. Measures were drawn from clinical neuropsychology (visual search, verbal fluency, motor sequencing, and Wisconsin Card Sorting Task [WCST]) and from developmental psychology (Tower of Hanoi [TOH] and Matching Familiar Figures Test [MFFT]). A discriminant task, recognition memory, was… 

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Developmental norms for the Wisconsin Card Sorting test.

  • G. CheluneR. Baer
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology
  • 1986
Developmental norms by age for the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test are presented to complement and extend existing adult norms for theWCST and to facilitate the clinical use of the WCST as a neuropsychological test in child populations.

Evaluation of the general sensitivity of the Wisconsin card sorting test among younger and older children

Although WCST performance is age‐dependent, its sensitivity is not restricted by age; that is, it is still possible to identify differences in level of skill at older and younger...

Neuropsychological development of behavior attributed to frontal lobe functioning in children

There has long been speculation as to the development of behaviors attributed to frontal lobe functioning in children. Controversy exists as to when behaviors attributed to frontal lobe functioning

Neuropsychology of early-treated phenylketonuria: specific executive function deficits.

Within the PKU group the executive function composite score was significantly negatively correlated with concurrent phenylalanine levels, even after controlling for the correlation between IQ and executive function skills, which provides support for the proposed biochemical mechanism underlying the specific cognitive deficits.

Effects of Different Brain Lesions on Card Sorting: The Role of the Frontal Lobes

Sorting tasks, requiring the subject to respond selectively, first to one aspect of a situation and then to another, have traditionally been regarded as sensitive indicators of brain injury, but

Some general outlines of the matrix of developmental changes between five and seven years

This paper discusses ail exploration of the large literature of develop mental change over the age range from five to seven years. The analysis was set in motion by some findings of change in