A nonspecific phosphotyrosine phosphatase inhibitor, bis(maltolato)oxovanadium(IV), improves glucose tolerance and prevents diabetes in Zucker diabetic fatty rats.

The molecular basis of insulin resistance, a major risk factor for development of Type II diabetes, involves defective insulin signaling. Insulin-mediated signal transduction is negatively regulated by the phosphotyrosine phosphatase, PTP1B, and numerous studies have demonstrated that organo-vanadium compounds, which are nonselective phosphotyrosine… (More)