A non-canonical photopigment, melanopsin, is expressed in the differentiating ganglion, horizontal, and bipolar cells of the chicken retina.

@article{Tomonari2005ANP,
  title={A non-canonical photopigment, melanopsin, is expressed in the differentiating ganglion, horizontal, and bipolar cells of the chicken retina.},
  author={Sayuri Tomonari and Akira P Takagi and Shino Akamatsu and Sumihare Noji and Hideyo Ohuchi},
  journal={Developmental dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists},
  year={2005},
  volume={234 3},
  pages={
          783-90
        }
}
Vertebrate melanopsin is a photopigment in the eye, required for photoentrainment. Melanopsin is more closely related to opsin proteins found in invertebrates, than to the other photo-pigments. Although the invertebrate melanopsin-like protein is localized in rhabdomeric photoreceptors in the invertebrate eye, it has been shown to be expressed in a subset of retinal ganglion cells in the mouse and in horizontal cells in the frog, indicating its diversified expression pattern in vertebrates… CONTINUE READING
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