PURPOSE We describe the characteristics of a new data-logger-type ultraminiature electromyogram (EMG) system (FLA-500-SD) and methods used for recording and we show its potential in clinical applications by presenting an example of a clinical case. METHOD FLA contains electrodes, an amplifier, 12-bit analog-to-digital (A/D) converter at a sampling frequency of 1kHz, 16-bit CPU, a 3.7-V coin-shaped lithium battery, and a micro SD card. The size of FLA is 37.0×23.5×8.6mm, and its weight is 6g (9g with a battery inserted). The device is wearable and patients can attach the device and operate it by themselves in daily life. Data recorded in the micro SD card are transferred to a personal computer and analyzed. Although the device is ultraminiature and wearable, it has the capacity for recording a precise and clear masseteric surface electromyogram that is not inferior to that recorded by conventional stationary-type EMG recording systems. CONCLUSIONS To our knowledge, the device is the smallest and lightest device with capacity for the longest consecutive measuring time as a data-logger-type electromyograph with built-in electrodes and memory. The device is useful for analyses of masseteric activity during the whole day. In the future, it is expected that applications of the device will expanded to observation, evaluation and diagnosis of normal or abnormal gnathic functions, e.g., assessment of sleep and awake bruxism and observation of the chewing state in daily life.