Tumor-targeted vectors with controllable expression of therapeutic genes and specific antitumor antibodies are promising tools for the reduction of malignant tumors. Here we describe a new plasmid for the eukaryotic expression of an anti-HER2/neu mini-antibody-barnase fusion protein (4D5 scFv-barnase-His(5)) with an NH(2)-terminal leader peptide. The 4D5 scFv-barnase-His(5) gene was placed downstream of the tetracycline responsive-element minimal promoter in the vector using the Tet-Off gene-expression system. The Bacillus amyloliquefaciens ribonuclease barnase is toxic for the host cells. To overcome this problem, barstar gene under its own minimal cytomegalovirus promoter was used in designed vector. Barstar inhibits the background level of barnase in the cells in the presence of tetracycline in culture medium. The HEK 293T cells were transfected with the designed vector, and the 4D5 scFv-barnase-His(5) fusion protein was identified by anti-barnase antibodies in cell culture medium and after purification from cell lysates using metal-affinity chromatography. The overexpression of the anti-HER2/neu mini-antibody-barnase fusion protein decreased the intensity of fluorescence of HEK 293T cells co-transfected with the generated plasmid and a plasmid containing the gene of enhanced green fluorescent protein (pEGFP-N1), in comparison with the intensity of fluorescence of HEK 293T cells transfected with pEGFP-N1, in the absence of tetracycline in the medium. The effect of the 4D5 scFv-barnase-His(5) on EGFP fluorescence indicates that the introduced barnase functions as a ribonuclease inside the cells. The anti-HER2/neu mini-antibody could be used to deliver barnase to HER2/neu-positive cells and provide its penetration into the target cells, as HER2/neu is a ligand-internalizing receptor. This expression vector has potential applications to both gene and antibody therapies of cancer.