A new understanding of El Niño ' s impact over East Asia : dominance of the ENSO combination mode

  title={A new understanding of El Ni{\~n}o ' s impact over East Asia : dominance of the ENSO combination mode},
  author={Wenjun Zhang},
Previous studies have shown that the Indo-Pacific atmospheric response to ENSO comprises two dominant modes of variability: a meridionally quasi-symmetric response (independent of the annual cycle) and an antisymmetric response (arising from the nonlinear atmospheric interaction between ENSO variability and the annual cycle), referred to as the combination mode (C-mode). This study demonstrates that the direct El Niño signal over the tropics is confined to the equatorial region and has no… CONTINUE READING


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