A new theory to explain the receipt of Wallace's Ternate Essay by Darwin in 1858

  title={A new theory to explain the receipt of Wallace's Ternate Essay by Darwin in 1858},
  author={John van Wyhe and Kees Rookmaaker},
  journal={Biological Journal of The Linnean Society},
In early 1858, when he was in the Moluccas, Wallace drafted an essay to explain evolution by natural selection and posted it to Darwin. For many years it was believed that the Ternate essay left the island in March on the monthly mail steamer, and arrived at Down House on 18 June 1858. Darwin immediately wrote to Lyell, as requested by Wallace, forwarding the essay. This sequence was cast in doubt after the discovery of a letter written by Wallace to Bates leaving on the same steamer with… 
1 July 1858: what Wallace knew; what Lyell thought he knew; what both he and Hooker took on trust; and what Charles Darwin never told them
This article will contend that two of the three letters Wallace sent Darwin between 10 October 1856 and 9 March 1858 arrived much earlier than Darwin recorded, thereby allowing him time to assess Wallace's ideas and claim an independent understanding of how the operation of divergence and extinction in the natural world leads strongly marked varieties to be identified as new species.
How Charles Darwin received Wallace's Ternate paper 15 days earlier than he claimed: a comment on van Wyhe and Rookmaaker (2012)
It is argued that the letter did indeed arrive in the port of Southampton on 2 June 1858 and would have been at Darwin's home near London the following day and any charges that he plagiarized the ideas of Wallace from that letter would be shown to be wrong.
1 July 1858 and the 1844 essay: what Lyell and Hooker decided; and what Darwin did not want and did not know
Darwin's role in ‘the delicate arrangement’ is refined, as well as the basis for Hooker's and Lyell's, and why did they choose an essay excerpt to be presented contrary to Darwin's wishes is questioned.
Did Wallace's Ternate essay and letter on natural selection come as a reply to Darwin's letter of 22 December 1857? A brief review
The conclusion is that Wallace's materials represented in part a reply to the Darwin letter dated 22 December 1857 very likely did not, and in turn probably were sent in March, not April, 1858.
Wallace, Darwin, and the Origin of Species
Charles Darwin is often credited with discovering evolution through natural selection, but the idea was not his alone. The naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace, working independently, saw the same
Engaging with Lyell: Alfred Russel Wallace’s Sarawak Law and Ternate papers as reactions to Charles Lyell’s Principles of Geology
It is shown that Lyell was the object of Wallace’s Sarawak Law and TERNate papers through a consideration of the circumstances that led Wallace to send his Ternate paper to Darwin, together with an analysis of the material that Wallace drew upon from the Principles.
On the Organic Law of Change: A Facsimile Edition and Annotated Transcription of Alfred Russel Wallace's Species Notebook of 1855-1859
A giant of the discipline of biogeography and co-discoverer of natural selection, Alfred Russel Wallace was the most famous naturalist in the world when he died in 1913. To mark the centennial of
In Alfred Russel Wallace's Shadow: His Forgotten Assistant, Charles Allen (1839-1892)
The famous naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace took a young Englishman named Charles Martin Allen with him to the Malay Archipelago in 1854. Allen has remained a shadowy figure and until now almost
Wallace, Darwin and Ternate 1858
  • Charles Hyde Smith
  • Art, Psychology
    Notes and Records: the Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
  • 2014
A closer look is taken at the critical question of whether Wallace's manuscript-accompanying letter represented a reply to the Darwin letter that arrived in Ternate on 9 March; it is concluded that it very probably did not.
A delicate adjustment: Wallace and Bates on the Amazon and "the problem of the origin of species".
There was a very sudden and dramatic shift in the way species were thought of and discussed after Darwin's Origin of species appeared and something called "the problem of the origin of species" never occurred before Darwin's book but exploded in frequency immediately after it.


How was Wallace led to the Discovery of Natural Selection?
THE reviewer of Osborn's “From the Greeks to Darwin” (antea p. 362) says that Marshall quotes the fact of Wallace's being led “to the discovery of natural selection as he lay ill of intermittent
The Correspondence of Charles Darwin
This volume is part of the definitive edition of letters written by and to Charles Darwin, the most celebrated naturalist of the nineteenth century. Notes and appendixes put these fascinating and
On the Tendency of Species to form Varieties; and on the Perpetuation of Varieties and Species by Natural Means of Selection
1. Lyell and Hooker’s own letter of introduction explaining the extraordinary circumstances; 2. An excerpt from Darwin’s unpublished draft, part of a chapter titled, “On the Variation of Organic
Alfred Russel Wallace: A Life
Illustrations vii Maps ix Foreword and Acknowledgements x 1. Introduction 1 2. The Evolution of a Naturalist 6 3. Apprenticeship on the Amazon 34 4. Hunting the White Umbrella Bird 59 5. Planning the
Linnean Society of London
This issue contains the concluding instalment on Richard Owen and the Dinosauria, where Owen would view with incredulity the authors' present day obsession with this group of extinct monsters.
Malay Archipelago journals and notebook. London: Privately printed
  • 2005
Verslag van het beheer en den staat der Nederlandsche bezittingen en koloniën in Oost- en WestIndië en ter kust van Guinea over 1854, ingediend door den minister van koloniën
  • Utrecht: Kemink en Zoon.
  • 1858
The Darwin conspiracy: origins of a scientific crime
  • London: Golden Square books.
  • 2008