A new species in the genus Nomocharis Franchet (Liliaceae): evidence that brings the genus Nomocharis into Lilium

  title={A new species in the genus Nomocharis Franchet (Liliaceae): evidence that brings the genus Nomocharis into Lilium},
  author={Yundong Gao and Markus Hohenegger and A J Harris and Song-Dong Zhou and Xingjin He and Juan Wan},
  journal={Plant Systematics and Evolution},
Nomocharis aperta (Franchet) E. Wilson is a heterogeneous species including morphotypes with pink tepals bearing swellings on both sides of the inner tepal’s basal median channel and those with yellow tepals lacking swellings. Molecular phylogenetic and pair-wise distance analyses of nrITS and chloroplast psbA-trnH support recognition of the yellow-flowered morphotype lacking nectary processes as a new, separate species of Nomocharis. Here, we present the new species, Nomocharis gongshanensis Y… 

Lilium yapingense (Liliaceae), a New Species from Yunnan, China, and its Systematic Significance Relative to Nomocharis

The morphology and phylogeny of L. yapingense support previous studies, which show that Nomocharis and Lilium have intergrading morphologies and that Lilium is paraphyletic with respect to Nomochari, as well as showing its position within the Lilium—Nomocharis complex.

Morphological and ecological divergence of Lilium and Nomocharis within the Hengduan Mountains and Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau may result from habitat specialization and hybridization

The timing of speciation and ecological and morphological evolutionary events in Nomocharis are temporally consistent with uplift in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and of the Hengduan Mountains 7 and 3–4 million years ago, respectively.

Comparative analysis of complete plastid genomes from Lilium lankongense Franchet and its closely related species and screening of Lilium-specific primers

This study sequenced and compared the complete plastid sequences of L. lankongense and its five related species, and reconstructed the phylogenetic tree of Lilium species, providing a preliminarily rebuilt backbone phylogeny that is significant for future molecular and morphological studies of the genus Lilium.

Frequent gene flow blurred taxonomic boundaries of sections in Lilium L. (Liliaceae)

In conclusion, this study not only detected frequent gene flow among Lilium sections that resulted in phylogenetic incongruence but also reconstructed a hypothetical species tree that gave insights into the nature of the complex relationshipsamong Lilium species.

Lilium spp. pollen in China (Liliaceae): Taxonomic and Phylogenetic Implications and Pollen Evolution Related to Environmental Conditions

Pollen sculpture patterns appear to reflect phylogenetic relationships and are useful for species or subsection delimitation, and evolution of an exine sculpture shows pollen type trends from Martagon → Callose → Concolor → Formosanum.

Hybrid Speciation and Introgression Both Underlie the Genetic Structures and Evolutionary Relationships of Three Morphologically Distinct Species of Lilium (Liliaceae) Forming a Hybrid Zone Along an Elevational Gradient

It is found that there are only two types of chloroplast genomes shared among the three species and that L. gongshanense forms two distinct groups with closest links to other species of Lilium based on ITS.

Accommodating Nomocharis in Lilium (Liliaceae)

The extensive introgression caused by hybridization within Lilium and Nomocharis supports a single-genus concept and is preferred to recognize a monophyletic Lilium here.

Phylogenetic Analysis of Wild Species and the Maternal Origin of Cultivars in the Genus Lilium Using 114 Plastid Genomes

This study provides an important basis for clarifying the infrageneric classification and the maternal origin of cultivars in Lilium and uncovered well-supported genetic relationships within Lilium.



Molecular phylogeny and systematics of the Lilium carniolicum group (Liliaceae) based on nuclear ITS sequences

Internal transcribed spacer sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA were used to clarify both the delineation of, and relationships among, taxa in the Lilium carniolicum group as well as to provide insight on the phylogenetic position of the group within the genus.

Phylogenetic Analysis of Section Sinomartagon in Genus Lilium Using Sequences of the Internal Transcribed Spacer Region in Nuclear Ribosomal DNA

The phylogenetic relationships of section Sinomartagon is postulates using 64 Lilium taxa and two related taxa based on nucleotide sequence variations in the internal transcribed spacer regions of nuclear ribosomal DNA to provide a more convincing phylogenetic position for Sinommartagon.

On the origin of European lilies: phylogenetic analysis of Lilium section Liriotypus (Liliaceae) using sequences of the nuclear ribosomal transcribed spacers

The sequences of the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region were analysed for 28 representatives of Lilium, one Nomocharis species and three outgroup taxa of Lilieae (Notholirion, Fritillaria and Cardiocrinum) and confirmed that L. Liriotypus is monophyletic only if L. bulbiferum is excluded and placed in L. sect.

Phylogeography of the Arctic-Alpine Saxifraga oppositifolia (Saxifragaceae) and some related taxa based on cpDNA and ITS sequence variation.

Two main cpDNA haplotypes were detected within S. oppositifolia, one with a Eurasian distribution and one with an East Asian-North American distribution, which confirmed the existence of two cpDNA lineages with different geographical distributions in this species.


The core Liliales provide compelling examples of both concerted convergence and phylogenetic niche conservatism and advance arguments for the context-specific adaptive value of each of these traits as well as evidence of parallel trends in other groups.

A Molecular Phylogeny of Lilium in the Internal Transcribed Spacer Region of Nuclear Ribosomal DNA

The phylogeny derived from ITS sequences estimated using maximum-likelihood methods indicated that most of the species construct their own clade according to the classification based on morphological features at the section level.

Molecular tests of the proposed diploid hybrid originof Gilia achilleifolia (Polemoniaceae).

These results fail to distinguish between alternative hypotheses of ancient hybrid origin and divergent evolution, belying the difficulty of detecting ancient hybrids.

Molecular confirmation of the hybrid origin of Eupatorium godfreyanum (Asteraceae).

The ITS sequence data supported the hypothesis that Eupatorium godfreyanum is of hybrid origin from a combination of E. rotundifolium and E. sessil ifolium, and suggested that there was little phylogenetic structure within the data beyond a basal split between members of the dog fennel group and the remainder of the genus.

Testing plant barcoding in a sister species complex of pantropical Acacia (Mimosoideae, Fabaceae)

The claim that DNA barcoding is a powerful tool for taxonomy and biogeography with utility for identifying cryptic species, biogeograhic patterns and resolving classifications at the rank of genera and species is supported.