A new small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia

  title={A new small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia},
  author={P. Brown and Thomas Sutikna and Michael J. Morwood and R. P. Soejono and Jatmiko and E. Wahyu Saptomo and Rokus Awe Due},
Currently, it is widely accepted that only one hominin genus, Homo, was present in Pleistocene Asia, represented by two species, Homo erectus and Homo sapiens. Both species are characterized by greater brain size, increased body height and smaller teeth relative to Pliocene Australopithecus in Africa. Here we report the discovery, from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia, of an adult hominin with stature and endocranial volume approximating 1 m and 380 cm3, respectively—equal to the… 
Homo floresiensis-like fossils from the early Middle Pleistocene of Flores.
This work describes hominin fossils excavated in 2014 from an early Middle Pleistocene site (Mata Menge) in the So'a Basin of central Flores and suggests that hominins on Flores had acquired extremely small body size and other morphological traits specific to H. floresiensis at an unexpectedly early time.
Further evidence for small-bodied hominins from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia
Additional H. floresiensis remains excavated from the cave in 2004 are described, demonstrating that LB1 is not just an aberrant or pathological individual, but is representative of a long-term population that was present during the interval 95–74 to 12 thousand years ago.
Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa
Homo naledi is a previously-unknown species of extinct hominin discovered within the Dinaledi Chamber of the Rising Star cave system, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa. This species is characterized
The Homo floresiensis cranium (LB1): Size, scaling, and early Homo affinities
The results are consistent with hypotheses that suggest the Liang Bua specimens represent a diminutive population closely related to either early H. erectus s.
Homo floresiensis: microcephalic, pygmoid, Australopithecus, or Homo?
A new species of Homo from the Late Pleistocene of the Philippines
Homo luzonensis is a new species of Homo from the Callao Cave in the Philippines from the Late Pleistocene epoch that displays a combination of primitive and derived morphological features that is different from the combination of features found in other species in the genus Homo.
The Peculiar Case of Homo floresiensis : A New Perspective on Hominin Migrations
The cranial and limb morphology of the holotype LB1 and subsequent specimens on Flores proves that Homo floresiensis is a unique species and not a biologically anomalous modern human, and demonstrates the true morphological and adaptive range of the genus.
Flores hominid: new species or microcephalic dwarf?
Consideration of various forms of human microcephaly and of two adult specimens indicates that LB1 could well be a microcephalic Homo sapiens, the most likely explanation for the incongruous association of a small-brained recent hominid with advanced stone tools.
The Curious Case of Homo floresiensis: A New Perspective on Hominin Migrations
The cranial and limb morphology of the holotype LB1 and subsequent specimens on Flores proves that Homo floresiensis is a unique species and not a biologically anomalous modern human.


A New Skull of Early Homo from Dmanisi, Georgia
The Dmanisi specimens are the most primitive and small-brained fossils to be grouped with this species or any taxon linked unequivocally with genusHomo and also the ones most similar to the presumedhabilis-like stem.
Earliest Pleistocene hominid cranial remains from Dmanisi, Republic of Georgia: taxonomy, geological setting, and age.
Paleontological, archaeological, geochronological, and paleomagnetic data from Dmanisi all indicate an earliest Pleistocene age of about 1.7 million years ago, supporting correlation of the new specimens with the Koobi Fora fossils.
Taxonomic affinities and evolutionary history of the Early Pleistocene hominids of Java: dentognathic evidence.
The primitive aspects of the oldest Javanese hominids remains suggest that hominid groups prior to the grade of ca.
Evolutionary History of the “Robust” australopithecines
  • T. Harrison
  • Biology
    International Journal of Primatology
  • 2006
This volume, edited in exemplary fashion by Fred Grine, represents a complete collection of the formal papers presented at a 5-day workshop to discuss and debate current understanding of the hominid group to which Paranthropus belongs, the robust australopithecines.
The locomotor anatomy of Australopithecus afarensis.
It is demonstrated that A. afarensis possessed anatomic characteristics that indicate a significant adaptation for movement in the trees, and it is speculated that earlier representatives of the A.Afarensis lineage will present not a combination of arboreal and bipedal traits, but rather the anatomy of a generalized ape.
Australopithecus to Homo: Transformations in Body and Mind
▪ Abstract Significant changes occurred in human evolution between 2.5 and 1.8 million years ago. Stone tools first appeared, brains expanded, bodies enlarged, sexual dimorphism in body size
Analysis of the dental morphology of Plio-Pleistocene hominids. III. Mandibular premolar crowns.
Investigation of the allometric relationships between relative talonid size and overall crown size in the pooled 'non-robust' taxonomic categories did not suggest that talonids enlargement was a simple consequence of a larger-size crown, a conclusion which is at variance with previous published assessments.
Analysis of the dental morphology of Plio-Pleistocene hominids. IV. Mandibular postcanine root morphology.
Annual assessments of the root morphology of the 'robust' australopithecines from Swartkrans suggest that the premolar root form of Australopithecus (Paranthropus) robustus is not obviously intermediate between the presumed ancestral condition, and the 'molarised' mandibular premolars root systems of Australo-Pleistocene hominids.
Morphological adaptation to climate in modern and fossil hominids
  • C. Ruff
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 1994
Application of the simple thermoregulatory principle of increasing and decreasing body surface area/body mass in hot and cold climates, respectively, may explain the major systematic differences in body form between living and fossil hominids inhabiting tropical and higher latitude regions of the world.