A new principle for immobilized yeast reactors based on internal gelation of alginate


Internal gelation of alginate byin situ liberation of Ca2+ ions permitted production of a one-piece continuous immobilized yeast cell reactor unit having vertical internal flow channels. The reactor showed good characteristics with respect to gel stability, gas-release and fermentation stability over the 3.5 month test period. 
DOI: 10.1007/BF01048469


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