A new perspective on the social functions of emotions: Gratitude and the witnessing effect.

  title={A new perspective on the social functions of emotions: Gratitude and the witnessing effect.},
  author={Sara B. Algoe and Patrick C Dwyer and Ayana N. Younge and Christopher Oveis},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
We propose a novel theoretical and empirical approach to studying group-level social functions of emotions and use it to make new predictions about social consequences of gratitude. Here, we document the witnessing effect: In social groups, emotional expressions are often observed by third-party witnesses-family members, coworkers, friends, and neighbors. Emotional expressions coordinate group living by changing third-party witnesses' behavior toward first-party emotion expressers and toward… Expand
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