A new modeling approach for estimating first flush metal mass loading.

@article{Kim2005ANM,
  title={A new modeling approach for estimating first flush metal mass loading.},
  author={Lena H. Kim and Masoud Kayhanian and Shun. Lau and Michael K. Stenstrom},
  journal={Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research},
  year={2005},
  volume={51 3-4},
  pages={
          159-67
        }
}
The purpose of this study was to investigate pollutant mass loading from major highways in Southern California, with emphasis on interpretation of event mean concentrations and first flush effects. The results of monitoring eight sites during the 1999-2002 storm seasons found that metal contaminants had higher concentrations at the early stages of storm events compared with other stages of rain storms. A new washoff model was developed to predict the event mean concentrations of metal… CONTINUE READING

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