A new mammalian DNA topoisomerase I poison Hoechst 33342: cytotoxicity and drug resistance in human cell cultures.

Abstract

Hoechst dye 33342 (Ho33342), like many other DNA minor groove binding ligands and its parent compound Hoechst dye 33258 (Ho33258), nonspecifically inhibits the catalytic activities of many DNA enzymes. However, both Ho33258 and Ho33342 also specifically interrupt the breakage/reunion reaction of mammalian DNA topoisomerase I by trapping reversible… (More)

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