A new forest pest in Europe: a review of Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) invasion

  title={A new forest pest in Europe: a review of Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) invasion},
  author={V. T. Valenta and Dietmar Moser and Stefan Kapeller and Franz Essl},
  journal={Journal of Applied Entomology},
In this publication, we review the biology, ecology, invasion history, impacts and management options of Emerald ash borer (EAB) Agrilus plannipennis, with a particular focus on its invasion in Europe. Agrilus planipennis (EAB) is a wood‐boring beetle native to East Asia. Having caused massive damages on ash species in North America in the last decades, it was first recorded in Europe in 2003 in Russia (Moscow). All ash (Fraxinus) species native to Europe and North America are known to be… 
Record of the Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis) in Ukraine is Confirmed
It is indicated that A. planipennis is established in the east of Ukraine and this fact is important for development of quarantine protocols to prevent or at least slow the further spread of this invasive pest in Europe.
Rail transport as a vector of emerald ash borer
A positive correlation between the establishment and detection of EAB in Iowa counties and the length of railroads in each county is found, the first statistically significant association between rail pathways and the spread of E AB on the North American continent.
Book Review: The Green Menace – Emerald Ash Borer and the Invasive Species Problem by Jordan D. Marché II
Besides plant pathogens, herbivorous insects represent the most devastating invaders in forests worldwide (Aukema et al. 2010, Rejmánek 2015, Liebhold et al. 2017). The best examples include the
Minimum Winter Temperature as a Limiting Factor of the Potential Spread of Agrilus planipennis, an Alien Pest of Ash Trees, in Europe
It is unlikely that low temperatures could prevent the spread of A. planipennis in northern Western Europe (Sweden, Norway, Finland, etc.), since the temperature in this area did not fall to −34 °C from 2003–2019, but such temperatures are not rare in eastern European Russia, where Fraxinus pennsylvanica and F. excelsior occur.
Introduced plants induce outbreaks of a native pest and facilitate invasion in the plants' native range: Evidence from the emerald ash borer
Biological invasions are among the most serious threats to native forest ecosystems worldwide due to ever‐increasing international trade and global change. Understanding the invasion processes and
Are Climates in Canada and the United States Suitable for the European Spruce Bark Beetle, Ips typographus, and Its Fungal Associate, Endoconidiophora polonica?
Invasions of exotic forest insects and pathogens can devastate evolutionarily naïve habitats and could cause irreversible changes to urban and natural ecosystems. Given the ever-increasing volume of
Gene flow of common ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) in a fragmented landscape
The genetic connectivity of ash trees in an isolated forest patch of a fragmented landscape in Rösenbeck, Germany is studied and the implications of establishing gene conservation stands and the use of enrichment planting in the face of ash dieback are discussed.
Predicting Emerald Ash Borer Adult Emergence and Peak Flight Activity in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
The invasive emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire; Coleoptera: Buprestidae) has killed tens of millions of ash (Fraxinus spp.) trees across North America. A. planipennis was first
Wide-spread vulnerability of black ash (Fraxinus nigra Marsh.) wetlands in Minnesota USA to loss of tree dominance from invasive emerald ash borer
The emerald ash borer (EAB) has killed ash species (Fraxinus L.) in much of eastern North America, but it has yet to reach the vast ash wetlands in northern Minnesota, USA. In these wetlands, a
The Endophytic Mycobiome of European Ash and Sycamore Maple Leaves – Geographic Patterns, Host Specificity and Influence of Ash Dieback
This study provides comprehensive data on the ash mycobiome that is expected to be subject to changes caused by an emerging disease of the host tree, and reveals characteristic endophytic fungal communities dominated by several strictly host specific Venturia species.


Emerald ash borer invasion of North America: history, biology, ecology, impacts, and management.
Emerald ash borer is characterized by stratified dispersal resulting from natural and human-assisted spread, and substantial effort has been devoted to the development of survey methods.
Distribution, impact and rate of spread of emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in the Moscow region of Russia
Surveys of ash trees along the major motorway routes leading away from the city of Moscow during July 2013 indicated that emerald ash borer was well established up to 235 km west of the city and 220 km to the south, which implies that human-assisted transport is contributing significantly to the spread of the pest.
Ashes in Europe are in danger: the invasive range of Agrilus planipennis in European Russia is expanding
The emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera, Buprestidae), is a pest of ash native to Asia that was first found in Europe in 2003 and is rapidly spreading in European Russia.
Occurrence of the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis in Russia and its potential impact on European forestry.
The current knowledge on A. planipennis in Asia and North America is reviewed, new information on its occurrence in the region of Moscow and Eastern Russia is provided and recommendations for research and management strategies in Europe are made.
History of emerald ash borer biological control
The search for natural enemies of the emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), in northeastern Asia, its native range, was initiated within a year of its
Dramatic expansion of the range of the invasive ash pest, buprestid beetle Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, 1888 (Coleoptera, Buprestidae) in European Russia
An examination of ash trees in 12 cities of European Russia has revealed a much wider area of the emerald ash borer invasion, and it is found that A. planipennis damages not only Fraxinus pennsylvanica, but also the aborigine European ash Faxinus excelsior.
A High-Resolution Map of Emerald Ash Borer Invasion Risk for Southern Central Europe
Assessment of the spatial distribution of EAB invasion risks for southern Central Europe found highest F. excelsior abundance and thus invasion risks in extensive lowland floodplain forests, medium risks in zonal lowland forests and low risks in upper montane and subalpine forests.
The life cycle of the emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis in European Russia and comparisons with its life cycles in Asia and North America
The number of larval instars and the duration of development of A. planipennis in European Russia were determined and the flexibility of the life cycle allows A.planipennis to establish in regions with different climates.
Cascading ecological effects caused by the establishment of the emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis ( Coleoptera : Buprestidae ) in European Russia
Current observations confirm those of previous authors that native European ash Fraxinus excelsior is susceptible to A. planipennis, increasing the threat posed by this pest.