A new approach to the treatment of advanced high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma — intensive two-phase chemotherapy

Abstract

A total of 110 patients with high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) not previously treated by chemotherapy or by radiotherapy at more than one site of disease underwent a regimen comprising an intensive 6-week initial, induction phase using vincristine, adriamycin, methotrexate, and prednisolone (VAMP) followed by the non-cross-resistant combination cyclophosphamide, etoposide, and vindesine (EEE). The median age of patients was 54 years, the majority having stage IV disease. The median follow-up was 34 months and all patients have completed treatment. The overall complete remission (CR) rate for all patients was 68%. The initial phase of treatment produced a CR rate of 49%. The full regimen was completed by 87 patients, and of these, 66 (76%) achieved CR. Of those achieving CR, 72% were relapse-free, on an actuarial basis, at 2 years. Overall 2-year survival was 53%, with a median survival of 31 months. The survival of older patients and those with lymphoblastic histology was comparable to that of other groups. The survival prospects of patients with stage IV disease was not as good as that of other patients, with a significant trend to shorter survival in patients with more advanced disease. Toxicity was predictable and manageable for both phases of the regimen, although it was more severe for the initial phase. Dose-limiting toxicities were neutropenia and mucositis. This regimen is active in the treatment of advanced high-grade NHL with acceptable toxicity. These results have encouraged us to continue the study of weekly chemotherapy, which we will compare with standard cyclical chemotherapy in a prospective, randomized trial.

DOI: 10.1007/BF00257312

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@article{Stuart1988ANA, title={A new approach to the treatment of advanced high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma — intensive two-phase chemotherapy}, author={Nicholas S. A. Stuart and George R. P. Blackledge and J. Anthony Child and John D Fletcher and Timothy J. Perren and Ciaran J. O'Brien and Ellen L. Jones and Ian O. Ellis and Julia A. Kavanagh and Krystyna A. Kelly and I. C. M. Maclennan and Michael Cullen and David L. Barnard and Adrian V. Simmons}, journal={Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology}, year={1988}, volume={22}, pages={141-146} }