A new approach to the low-back physical examination. Behavioral assessment of mechanical signs.

@article{Spratt1990ANA,
  title={A new approach to the low-back physical examination. Behavioral assessment of mechanical signs.},
  author={Kevin F. Spratt and T R Lehmann and James N. Weinstein and H A Sayre},
  journal={Spine},
  year={1990},
  volume={15 2},
  pages={96-102}
}
UNLABELLED A rationale for a new approach to the low-back physical examination was developed. A set of 21 tests, 17 assessing organic and four assessing nonorganic signs, were organized into an examination according to specified criteria, and the reliability of the patient-reported and examiner-observed measures within the examination assessed. Primary outcome measures included patient reports of their pain location, aggravation and examiner-observed pain behaviors resulting from the maneuvers… CONTINUE READING