A new application of laparoscopic instruments in percutaneous bladder stone removal.


The aim of this study is to describe a new technique using laparoscopic instruments for percutaneous bladder stone management and determine the efficacy of this procedure. The technique is based on percutaneous removal of the bladder stone(s) by using laparoscopic instruments under video-cystoscopic visualization. Laparoscopic large grasper or butterfly net… (More)


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