A new ¹⁵N tracer method to determine N turnover and denitrification of Pseudomonas stutzeri.

Abstract

Although denitrification is one of the key processes of ecosystem N turnover, the understanding of the regulation of the denitrification pathway is still limited due to the lack of feasible methods for the quantification of N₂ formation. Based on the previously developed isotope pairing method, we present a new in vitro ¹⁵N tracer method for the quantification of N₂ released from denitrification by bacterial cultures. The application of the new method was enabled by replacing the background air in the sample flasks with a gas mixture of He and O₂ with an approximately 50-fold reduced N₂ background (1.7% v/v), allowing for a direct and sensitive quantification of N₂ formation with isotope-ratio mass spectrometry after ¹⁵N-labelling on the one hand, but leaving the method relatively insensitive to intrusion of ambient N₂ on the other hand. The method was tested on bacterial cultures of Pseudomonas stutzeri grown at different oxygen levels. Additionally, NO and N₂O formation were determined with a chemoluminescence analyser and a gas chromatograph, respectively. Following labelling with ¹⁵N-ammonium and ¹⁵N-nitrate, it could be shown that P. stutzeri used ammonium preferably for biomass build-up, and nitrate preferably as electron acceptor. Between 84-107% of the total available N could be recovered. Due to the high sensitivity of the new method only low levels of ¹⁵N tracer were necessary, minimising substrate-induced effects and making this method also an appropriate tool for the use on soil cores. By that it offers a new method for studying denitrification in terrestrial ecosystems.

DOI: 10.1080/10256016.2010.528840

Cite this paper

@article{Meyer2010AN, title={A new ¹⁵N tracer method to determine N turnover and denitrification of Pseudomonas stutzeri.}, author={Astrid Meyer and J. Bergmann and Klaus Butterbach-Bahl and Nicolas Bruggemann}, journal={Isotopes in environmental and health studies}, year={2010}, volume={46 4}, pages={409-21} }