A neuronal morphologic type unique to humans and great apes.

@article{Nimchinsky1999ANM,
  title={A neuronal morphologic type unique to humans and great apes.},
  author={Esther A. Nimchinsky and Emmanuel P. Gilissen and John M. Allman and Daniel P. Perl and Joseph M. Erwin and Patrick R. Hof},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={1999},
  volume={96 9},
  pages={5268-73}
}
We report the existence and distribution of an unusual type of projection neuron, a large, spindle-shaped cell, in layer Vb of the anterior cingulate cortex of pongids and hominids. These spindle cells were not observed in any other primate species or any other mammalian taxa, and their volume was correlated with brain volume residuals, a measure of… CONTINUE READING