A natural history of hygiene.

@article{Curtis2007ANH,
  title={A natural history of hygiene.},
  author={Val Curtis},
  journal={The Canadian journal of infectious diseases \& medical microbiology = Journal canadien des maladies infectieuses et de la microbiologie medicale},
  year={2007},
  volume={18 1},
  pages={
          11-4
        }
}
  • V. Curtis
  • Published 2007
  • Medicine
  • The Canadian journal of infectious diseases & medical microbiology = Journal canadien des maladies infectieuses et de la microbiologie medicale
In unpacking the Pandora's box of hygiene, the author looks into its ancient evolutionary history and its more recent human history. Within the box, she finds animal behaviour, dirt, disgust and many diseases, as well as illumination concerning how hygiene can be improved. It is suggested that hygiene is the set of behaviours that animals, including humans, use to avoid harmful agents. The author argues that hygiene has an ancient evolutionary history, and that most animals exhibit such… 
Why disgust matters
  • V. Curtis
  • Psychology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2011
TLDR
It is argued that a better understanding of disgust, using the new synthesis, offers practical lessons that can enhance human flourishing and provide a model system for the study of emotion.
The Effect of Owning Animals on Perceived Vulnerability to, and Avoidance of, Parasitic Diseases in Humans
TLDR
This work investigated the associations between an individual's perceived vulnerability to disease, whether they own any animals, and whether they carry out behavioral tactics to avoid parasite transmission and discussed the results, further taking into account both the model of natural selection and the coevolutionary arms race model.
Contamination Appraisals, Pollution Beliefs, and the Role of Cultural Inheritance in Shaping Disease Avoidance Behavior
TLDR
It will be argued that cultural inheritance has played a much larger role in guiding disease avoidance behavior than has been previously recognized.
Hygienic tendencies correlate with low geohelminth infection in free-ranging macaques
TLDR
It is found that hygienic tendencies towards faeces avoidance and food manipulation correlated negatively with geohelminth infection, providing a mechanism of behavioural immunity against parasites with implications for the evolution and diversification of health maintenance strategies in humans.
Evolution of pathogen and parasite avoidance behaviours†
TLDR
This overview concludes that it is legitimate to use the word ‘disgust' to describe parasite avoidance systems, in the same way that ‘fear' is used to describe animal predator avoidance systems.
Preventing postpartum uterine disease in dairy cattle depends on avoiding, tolerating and resisting pathogenic bacteria.
TLDR
A perspective on the mechanisms that dairy cows use to prevent postpartum uterine disease is provided to understand the mechanisms of avoidance, tolerance and resistance to pathogens that will inform strategies to generate resilient animals and prevent uterusine disease.
The impact of early life antibiotic use on atopic and metabolic disorders
TLDR
It is confirmed that antibiotics use is a mismatch to modernity that can negatively affect the symbiotic associations the authors rely on for proper immune function and metabolism, and patterns are consistent with effects being due to microbiota-driven changes.
Hygiene at work: An engineering perspective on the development of hygiene science.
  • P. Pityn
  • Medicine
    The Canadian journal of infectious diseases & medical microbiology = Journal canadien des maladies infectieuses et de la microbiologie medicale
  • 2008
TLDR
The article considers the expanding role of hygiene today, juxtaposed against the lack of awareness and perceptions of hygiene, and some of the current social challenges facing hygiene, perceptions of risk and problems specifically encountered by occupational hygienists.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 23 REFERENCES
Dirt, Disgust, and Disease: Is Hygiene in Our Genes?
TLDR
Anthropologists have long puzzled over why certain objects and activities are avoided, reviled, or proscribed in many cultures, but as Reinhart (1990) suggests, a full explanation remains elusive.
Medicine in Ancient Mesopotamia
  • R. Biggs
  • Linguistics
    History of science; an annual review of literature, research and teaching
  • 1969
TLDR
In the years between the World Wars, medicine received due attention from Assyriologists, and a considerable impetus to an up-to-date approach has been the publication of two dictionaries of Akkadian, which gives extensive quotations with a meaningful part of the context.
Evidence that disgust evolved to protect from risk of disease
TLDR
Evidence is provided that the human disgust emotion may be an evolved response to objects in the environment that represent threats of infectious disease.
Natural variation in the response of Caenorhabditis elegans towards Bacillus thuringiensis
TLDR
W worm defence is indicated to be complex and variable across space, implying that parasites play an important role in the ecology of this species.
Behavioral reduction of infection risk.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) tadpoles avoid infected conspecifics because proximity influences infection, and this avoidance behavior is stimulated by chemical cues from infected individuals and thus does not require direct contact between individuals.
Subclinical parasitism and ruminant foraging strategies: a review
TLDR
It is argued that it is therefore essential to include the interactions between parasites and host grazing patterns when analyzing broader spatial and temporal scales of foraging strategies.
High Frequency of Postcoital Penis Cleaning in Budongo Chimpanzees
TLDR
This work identifies postcoital penis cleaning in Budongo Forest, Uganda, as customary and corroborate penis cleaning as another cultural trait in chimpanzees, one that is specific to only a subset of the eastern subspecies of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii).
Ecology: Avoidance of disease by social lobsters
TLDR
It is shown how healthy, normally gregarious Caribbean spiny lobsters (Panulirus argus) avoid conspecifics that are infected with a lethal virus.
...
...