A national cholera epidemic with high case fatality rates--Kenya 2009.


BACKGROUND Cholera remains endemic in sub-Saharan Africa. We characterized the 2009 cholera outbreaks in Kenya and evaluated the response. METHODS We analyzed surveillance data and estimated case fatality rates (CFRs). Households in 2 districts, East Pokot (224 cases; CFR = 11.7%) and Turkana South (1493 cases; CFR = 1.0%), were surveyed. We randomly selected 15 villages and 8 households per village in each district. Healthcare workers at 27 health facilities (HFs) were surveyed in both districts. RESULTS In 2009, cholera outbreaks caused a reported 11 425 cases and 264 deaths in Kenya. Data were available from 44 districts for 6893 (60%) cases. District CFRs ranged from 0% to 14.3%. Surveyed household respondents (n = 240) were aware of cholera (97.5%) and oral rehydration solution (ORS) (87.9%). Cholera deaths were reported more frequently from East Pokot (n = 120) than Turkana South (n = 120) households (20.7% vs. 12.3%). The average travel time to a HF was 31 hours in East Pokot compared with 2 hours in Turkana South. Fewer respondents in East Pokot (9.8%) than in Turkana South (33.9%) stated that ORS was available in their village. ORS or intravenous fluid shortages occurred in 20 (76.9%) surveyed HFs. CONCLUSIONS High CFRs in Kenya are related to healthcare access disparities, including availability of rehydration supplies.

DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jit220

Cite this paper

@article{Loharikar2013ANC, title={A national cholera epidemic with high case fatality rates--Kenya 2009.}, author={Anagha Loharikar and Elizabeth Briere and Maurice Ope and Daniel Langat and Ian Njeru and Lucy Gathigi and Lyndah Makayotto and Abdirizak M Ismail and Martin Thuranira and Ahmed Abade and Samuel Amwayi and Jared Omolo and Joe Oundo and Kevin M De Cock and Robert F Breiman and Tracy Ayers and Eric Mintz and Ciara E O'Reilly}, journal={The Journal of infectious diseases}, year={2013}, volume={208 Suppl 1}, pages={S69-77} }