A nascent HIV type 1 epidemic among injecting drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan is dominated by complex AD recombinant strain, CRF35_AD.

@article{SandersBuell2007ANH,
  title={A nascent HIV type 1 epidemic among injecting drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan is dominated by complex AD recombinant strain, CRF35_AD.},
  author={Eric Sanders-Buell and Magdi Darwish Saad and Abdullah M S Abed and Meera Bose and Catherine S. Todd and Steffanie Anne Strathdee and Boulos A M Botros and Naqibullah Safi and Kenneth C. Earhart and Paul T. Scott and Nelson L Michael and Francine E. McCutchan},
  journal={AIDS research and human retroviruses},
  year={2007},
  volume={23 6},
  pages={834-9}
}
Injecting drug use (IDU), common in global centers of heroin production, confers significant risk for HIV-1 infection. Once introduced into IDU networks, an explosive rise in HIV-1 infection typically occurs, fueled principally by needle sharing. New HIV-1 epidemics in IDUs have occurred in Russia, China, Thailand, Spain, Iran, and in other countries, and… CONTINUE READING